The State Council recently issued "Made in China 2025" and proposed a three-step strategic goal: that is, strive to use ten years to step into the ranks of manufacturing powers. By 2035, China's manufacturing industry as a whole will reach the middle level of the world's manufacturing powers. When the People’s Republic of China was established a hundred years ago, the status as a major manufacturing country was further consolidated and its overall strength was among the world's leading manufacturers of manufacturing power. This is a grand vision to inspire morale.
Manufacturing is undoubtedly the main body of the economy and the country’s fundamental. China’s status as a big country today has contributed to the manufacturing industry. However, with the advent of the information age, the contradiction between the information economy and the real economy has become increasingly prominent. In the face of a vibrant information economy, the traditional manufacturing industry appears to be weary and clumsy. It also suffers from high input, high consumption, high emissions, difficulty in recycling, and low efficiency. Big but not strong is also a morbid condition and it is not sustainable.
The root causes are: First, the lack of information capabilities. Once you have a fever, you can easily cause excess capacity. The second is the difficulty of interconnection. The information system is not perfect, the production chain, supply chain and value chain are not well connected, the production efficiency is low, the utilization rate of resources is low, and the environment is overwhelmed. The third is the low level of automation. Reliance on low-tech human resources is high and the problem of labor shortage is prominent. Fourth, the ability to innovate is weak. We are not good at constructing a space for creating and creating innovations from the inside out, and the products cannot meet market demands. Fifth, informatization consciousness is indifferent. The level of Internet applications is low, the degree of internationalization of the industry is not high, and the ability of enterprises to operate globally is insufficient. Obviously, driven by the new round of information revolution, the image of the manufacturing industry needs to be reshaped.
At present, all localities are making incisive efforts to formulate implementation policies for "Made in China 2025." Policies are necessary and actions are more important. Whether or not the policy can be effectively implemented depends on whether or not the understanding is in place and whether the core of “Made in China 2025” has been truly understood. The problem with China's manufacturing is not that it is big and strong. How to avoid falling into another round of big but weak circles is the key to grasping the essence of China's manufacturing and grasping the three directions. It truly wins the wisdom and wins the world. Victory is invisible.
From smart manufacturing to smart manufacturing. For manufacturing itself. We do not seem to be eager to promote wisdom, thinking that wisdom is a tall thing, a form of the realm of consciousness, and a low degree of relevance to manufacturing. Indeed, most of the current manufacturing is still at the level of intelligence or is striving to achieve this level. This ability to conduct activities in accordance with human-oriented directives is ultimately difficult to avoid blindly following, repeated construction, overcapacity and the resulting risks, and wisdom is different. It is generally believed that wisdom is a comprehensive ability that transcends knowledge and can be maximally innovated according to objective laws; it can see the eyes and predict the future. People collect data, process information, and form knowledge, and they eventually become wisdom for practice.
With the arrival of the big data era, the road from knowledge to wisdom will be more smooth. Wisdom can ultimately be presented literally and quantitatively. It is no longer the illusion of “only knowing what can be said, and cannot be said”. Smart manufacturing is the integration of integrated next-generation information technology, integrating mass innovation, user innovation, social innovation, and conscious innovation. In the era of smart manufacturing, manufacturing and users completely docked, and even manufacturing consumers. On-demand production, making the manufacture of low-risk, high efficiency, low consumption, pure green. Therefore, it is necessary to encourage the development of big data analysis and research, and strive to build a manufacturing “brain system”, and gradually upgrade smart manufacturing to smart manufacturing.
From manufacturing in China to global manufacturing. As far as service providers are concerned, as globalization becomes higher and higher, regional manufacturing is declining. Emphasizing that regional manufacturing can easily lead to fragmentation of information and local protection, it is prone to trade friction. China has a complete manufacturing system and a complete system. It can be said that it has the foundation and conditions for building an industrial power, and has the ability to cover the world. However, this is not to occupy the world but to serve the world. Only the spirit of inclusiveness and commitment of common development will be welcomed by the world. Overemphasizing one domain manufacturing not only has the suspicion of arrogance, but also is not conducive to integration into all directions.
The region of the information age is being flattened, and branding is not as good as brand reputation. The key to product is practicality, not labeling, and partiality and security are not in line with the trend of the times. Now, some places like to draw cats and tigers, and propose regional manufacturing plans. This trend will inevitably encourage localism. The manufacture of a place, even if it is very characteristic, cannot be islanded and microcosmized. It is necessary to stand on the global horizon and honestly work hard from within, so that it can only meet the characteristics of the information age and the Internet era. From an overall perspective, advancing China's manufacturing must not only be down to earth, but also spare no effort to make progress in the world. The so-called tolerance is big. Only by fully embracing integration can we achieve full win-win development.
From tangible manufacturing to intangible manufacturing. Elephants are intangible. The most ambitious manufacturing is intangible manufacturing. Intangible manufacturing conforms to the features of the virtual world. We must liberate ourselves from the tangible manufacturing mindset, and we need nothing to change. In terms of manufacturing value chains, the smile curve also applies to smart manufacturing and smart manufacturing. At both ends of the curve, one end is designed and one end is service. It is necessary to firmly grasp both ends and make the two ends of the curve to be thick, so as to maximize the value at both ends, to get out of the value, to make the added value into the mainstream value, and to be in the smile curve. The bottom of the manufacturing itself, but also through smart technology, to achieve the transition from coarse to fine. In terms of connotation and extension, modern manufacturing is not limited to tangible manufacturing. It must be generalized, blurred, softened, hardened, softened, and open tolerant. As the saying goes, software defines hardware, defines industries, defines the world, and softens enough to expand space, avoid being tangibly manufactured and kidnapped, and become a slave to manufacturing. As far as the form of manufacturing is concerned, with the maturation and popularization of additive technology, it is necessary to change from scale, unity, homogenization, to ubiquitousness, individualization, and colorfulness, and even to give the subject’s initiative rights to individuals fully. Meet the needs of timely manufacturing, service manufacturing, personal manufacturing, and independent manufacturing. To evolve from the tangible to the intangible, it is to promote the internalization of production and unlimited externalization. Being good at water, intangible manufacturing can make China's manufacturing more comfortable in the global economy and stand at the forefront.